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A well-composed abstract is key to your effective dissemination of one’s research. Many articles are only ever read in abstract form. Anonymous peer-reviewers of one’s scholarship shall see the abstract first. The African Studies Review (ASR) provides abstracts in English, French, and Portuguese, so that you can reach the widest possible global audience. You ought to provide one version that is 100-word at least one language.
The abstract is not the paragraph that is first of article. An abstract is a version that is complete kind of your article. It’s the entire article epitomized, since the major points, content and scope of your argument, the theoretical framework or scholarly point of departure, along with the methodology, and kind of evidentiary basis. It should be able to stand alone.
The abstract can be described as the “elevator pitch” for a possible publication: imagine you’re stuck when you look at the elevator in the ASA Annual ending up in one of the editors associated with ASR. You ought to provide a summary that hits the points that are high about 1 minute and convinces the editor that it’s worthy of further consideration. It will very concisely summarize this issue, how it fits in to the broader literature, the contribution, the research strategy, the key findings, and also the broader implications.
All articles that are ASR available via multiple digital platforms, so your abstract should be searchable online.
We suggest you engage the follow two prevailing ways to optimize your abstracts for the search engines. This can greatly increase the chance it will viewed widely and shared.
First, construct a title that is descriptive your article. The title of each article abstract is crucial in search engine terms. The major search engines assumes that the title offers the words most highly relevant to the article. This is the reason you should choose a descriptive, unambiguous, and accurate title. While it might be tempting to use a quote from an informant or sources, think about how search terms draw in a possible reader who might be to locate your article or your subject area, community, or country of study, which help them by constructing a title to include those terms. Understand that people search for key phrases, not just single words.
Second, reiterate title that is key into the abstract.
you really need to reiterate the key phrases in the content title within the abstract itself. Although the search engines use proprietary algorithms, the amount of times that one phrases and words show up on a webpage has a significant impact in the way they are ranked in searches.
- Draft the AFTER that is abstract have finished the content
- Construct a simple, descriptive and title that is accurate containing all of the important key terms and phrases that relate to the subject, theme, or argument
- Repeat keywords and phrases and incorporate them smoothly – remember that the audience that is primary a potential reader and never the search engines
- Use synonyms or related phrases that are key
- Provide a definite and concise summary of this content of the chapter
- Describe your methodology and/or data
- Write when you look at the present tense that is third-person
- Review and revise the abstract before you submit your article for review
- Revise the abstract every right time you revise your article
Things You Ought Not Do:
- Write the abstract prior to the article
- Construct an ambiguous and elaborate title
- Provide facts that are general be sure to focus on the core discussions/findings
- Write into the first person
- Forget to proof-read for typos
- Review the literature that is entire
- Write in the future or past tense
- Employ abbreviations that are undefined acronyms
- Include citations or references
- Use language that is overly technical
- Use speculative phraseology
Illustration of a strong abstract:
“States at War: Confronting Conflict in Africa”
During the early 1990s, democratization dominated discourse on African politics. However fraught with contradictions, processes of political liberalization held out hope for more responsive, accountable government—and some African countries achieved gains that are impressive. But in many parts of the continent the outlook at the beginning of the twenty-first century is decidedly more somber. An increase in violence and war has already established consequences that are devastating people and their communities. Newbury examines several methods to confronting these conflicts and highlights three lessons that emerge. In some situations, international involvement is essential to get rid of a war, and carrying this out successfully requires enormous resources. But assistance that is external follow a single template; it must be adapted to various local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. Newbury argues that greater support becomes necessary for efforts to ease the problems that spawn wars and violence.
Example of a weak abstract:
“Conflict and Chaos: Understanding War, Rethinking Violence”
This article argues that during the early 1990s democratization dominated african discourse that is political. I explore the processes of political liberalization and how these people were fraught with contradictions, although they held out a cure for more responsive, accountable government. I identify some African countries that achieved impressive gains. But it has been argued by other scholars (Schmidt 2007; Jones 2005; Asante 1996) that the outlook at the beginning of the century that is twenty-first be decidedly more somber. A rise in violence and war has had overdetermining ramifications broadly. I will examine approaches that are several confronting these conflicts and I will highlight three lessons that emerge. In some situations, international involvement may be essential to end a war, and doing this successfully may require enormous resources. But assistance that is external follow an individual template; it must be adapted to different local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. The writer cites data that are various argue that greater support is necessary for efforts to ease the problems that spawn wars and violence.